英語お勉強日記

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英語リーディング教本で勉強27

§62 関係代名詞+S+have+p.p. 

haveを⑤で使い、補語に過去分詞を置く形

have + O + p.p. 

 ⑤                   C

 

He had his wallet staleness in the train. 

 

I had my baggage carried by the porter. 

 

She had her piano tuned yesterday. 

 

Since he was going to graduate soon, the student was anxious to have a position secured as soon as possible. 

英リー復習1

従属節を作る語

従属接続詞

because, though, if, whether, unless, that など

完全なS+Vの前に付けて、名詞節または副詞節を作る

 

英語リーディング教本で勉強26

§60 名詞+that+動詞

コンマなしの名詞+that+動詞

thatは直後の動詞の主語となる関係代名詞(that以下が形容詞節)

先行詞は直後またはさらに前の名詞、前方のIt is のit

 It is .... that の強調構文

「It is .... that」を取れば普通の文

 

英語リーディング教本で勉強25

§58 完了準動詞

to have p.p. 

全体を一つの不定詞として扱う

He seems to have been rich. 

having p.p. 

全体を一つの動名詞、現在分詞として扱う

He was ashamed of having failed. 

英標復習メモ12

27

The fact that we can understand them all and can recognize in some of them an unsurpassed artistic excellence is proof enough that not only men’s feelings and instincts, but also their intellectual and imaginative powers, were in the remotest times precisely what they are now.

↓(骨格)

The fact is proof enough. 

 

precisely what they are now 全く現在のままで

precisely, exactly, just などが Noun Clauseを修飾する為に用いられることがある。

Tell me plainly what you want. 

I don't know what exactly the difference is. 

 

英語リーディング教本で勉強24

§57 副詞的目的格

名詞の働き

「主語、動詞の目的語、前置詞の目的語、補語」

名詞の例外的働き

「同格」

my father, John 

「副詞的目的格」前置詞を付けずに副詞の働き

時間、距離、数量、様態(=姿、形、方法)を表わす一部の名詞→副詞的目的格

You should do it this way. (=in this way)

All his life he lives in London. (NOT For all his life)

He had to walk quite a way

The child was five years old. 

 

英語リーディング教本で勉強23

(21)

On examination day, he was asked no questions but those I made him work on. 

but = 前置詞→目的語those

on = 前置詞→目的語はthoseとI の間に省略されたwhich

 

§56 原形不定詞

see, hear, feel, watch (知覚動詞)

make, have, let (使役動詞)

⑤で使用の場合toの無い原形不定詞という

I saw him enter the house. 

He made me clean his room.