英語お勉強日記

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分詞構文リンク

http://choidebu.com/bunpou/bunshione/

http://choidebu.com/bunpou/bunshitwo/

http://eigo-box.jp/grammar/participial-construction-1/

 

英文法 疑問文

疑問文がスラスラ出来るように!

一生モノの英文法の例文から

Tom wrote the novel. 

A coin was found there. 

The Dragons won?

This is a watch. 

He named the dog Pero. 

He is called Ken. 

She will meet Tom. 

He sent her a ring. 

Bob made a ship with paper. 

The book was written by Meg. 

She likes this color. 

This is Tom's coffee. 

He wore a ring on this finger. 

His mother smiled. 

 

出来事/状態の場所、時、理由、方法を尋ねる

Lisa touched Tama

 

英語リーディング教本で勉強31

§74  関係代名詞の What + S + be

 

Love aspects a person for what he or she is. 

 

The world is different place from what is was when we were young. 

 

A man's worth lies not in what he has but in what he is. 

 

§75  形容詞のwhat

 

[What crops survived the long drought] perished in the subsequent inundation. 

  ↓

All the crops that survived the long drought perished ...

英語リーディング教本で勉強30

§70  関係副詞

説明される名詞と同じ名詞が前置詞の目的語になっていて、その前置詞+名詞が「時間、場所、方法、理由のどれかを表す副詞句」として働くている場合

前置詞+名詞をwhen, where, how, why, thatという一語で置き換え、それを先頭に移動させる

 

He was born in the village. → the village where he was born 前置詞 in は省かれる

 

He was born on the day. → the day when he was born 前置詞 on は省かれる

 

You cannot consent for the reason. → Tell me the reason why you cannot consent. 

 

✖️That is the way how he accomplished it. 

先行詞 the way と 関係副詞 how はどちらかを省略しないといけない

That is the way he accomplished it. 

That is how he accomplished it. 

 

英語リーディング教本で勉強29

§66 what節の枠組み

外側

whatが作る従属節はほとんどが名詞節で、主語・動詞の目的語・前置詞の目的語・補語・同格のどれかの働きをする(小文字のwhatは名詞節を疑え)

 

内側

名詞→主語・動詞の目的語・前置詞の目的語・補語・同格

形容詞→名詞修飾

              

She is [what I consider refined. ]

Do you know [what his answer is?]

[What he had done] made his father angry. 

He showed the world [what seemed to us an age,] the lifeboat reached the drowning man. 

The sailors didn't know [from what country skills and jewels had originally come.]

< As Jackson senses the impact of [what he is saying] on the audience, > he speaks even more forcefully. 

 

 

 

FANBOYS

7つの等位接続詞

 F

for 

Embrace the word of God, for it will make you strong. 

宗教、文芸関係で多く用いる

 

A

and 

情報の追加

She works during the day, and goes to school at night. 

 

thenという意味のand

First, boil the water, and add the noodles.

then単体では二つのセンテンスを結ぶ力がない

... water and then add ... または、センテンスをピリオドで切り、新たに Thenで始めるならOK 

 

結果を言うsoという意味のand

A sudden heavy rain came and pedestrians ran for cover. 

 

それなのにとbut代わりのand

I've been working all day and (=but) I'm still faced with a huge backlog. 

 

条件のifと対応しているand

Just give us the necessary information, and we'll do the rest. 

If you give us the necessary information, we'll do the rest. 

 

nor

Jack didn't tell me about the party, nor did his wife tell me. 

✖️nor his wife did not tell me 

 

B

but

I like this but I don't like that. 

 

but ratherという意味のbut

It's not what he said, but it's what he didn't say. 

 

exceptという意味のbut

I have eaten nothing but frozen food and take-outs for the last two weeks. 

 

O

or

We can eat out or we can stay at home and have some food delivered. 

 

訂正のor

He's in between jobs, or, more correctly, he's out of job. 

 

さもないとotherwiseのor

Hurry up, or we'll miss the flight. 

 

Y

yet

Generally, deserts are known to be hot and dry, yet many plants grow there. 

 

 同じ等位接続詞のbutに「意外にも」のニュアンスを加味したものがyet

従って、以下のようにbut で十分なのにyet を使うと違和感がある

✖️She said she would arrive at ten o'clock yet she arrived late. 

 

S

so

The famous ramen shop was closed, so we had to go to another ramen place. 

 

soをフォーマルにしたものがthereforeなので、therefore をやたらと使う前にsoで済むか考える

(注) 書き言葉の場合、therefore 単体では二つのセンテンスを結ぶ力がないので、ピリオドを打ってThereforeで始めるか、andと組み合わせて使う

✖️The shop was closed, therefore...

 

From 日向清人の英文雑記帳3

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英語リーディング教本で勉強28

§64 関係代名詞のwhat

 

関係代名詞のwhatは常に名詞節の先頭にくる

◯ what I am searching for 

     私が探しているもの

✖️for what I am searching 

     私が何を探しているか、ということ

      (whatは疑問代名詞)

 

whatに含まれる先行詞は原則としてthe thingである

先行詞がどんな名詞か推測できる場合はそれ以外のものでもよい